Septic arthritis of the elbow in a child due to Pseudomonas aeruginosa: a case reportHatakenaka, Terue; Uemura, Kazutaka; Itsubo, Toshiro; Hayashi, Masanori; Uchiyama, Shigeharu; Kato, HiroyukiJournal of Pediatric Orthopaedics B: May 2014 - Volume 23 - Issue 3 - p 285–287 doi: 10.1097/BPB.0000000000000016 Upper Limb Abstract Author Information We present a rare case of septic arthritis of the elbow in a child caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection. In our patient, the 15-day delay before drainage may have led to the osteomyelitis of the capitulum and resulted in some persistent radiographic abnormalities. Although our patient has no subjective symptoms 5 years postoperatively, he has a slightly abnormal range of motion and gross lateral instability. Children with elbow pain and/or swelling with fever should be carefully examined for septic arthritis. Pseudomonas aeruginosa should always be kept in mind in such cases to avoid any delay in effective treatment. Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Shinshu University School of Medicine, Nagano, Japan Correspondence to Terue Hatakenaka, MD, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Shinshu University School of Medicine, 3-1-1 Asahi, Matsumoto, Nagano 390-8621, Japan Tel: +81 263 37 2659; fax: +81 263 35 8844; e-mail: email@example.com © 2014 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.