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Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics B:
doi: 10.1097/BPB.0b013e32835c2be9
Upper Limb

Range of motion of the healthy pediatric elbow: cross-sectional study of a large population

Barad, Justin H.b; Kim, Rachel S.a; Ebramzadeh, Edwardb,c; Silva, Mauricioa,b

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Abstract

To evaluate normative data on elbow range of motion (ROM) in the pediatric population. The passive ROM of 1361 healthy pediatric elbows was measured using a small goniometer calibrated in 1° increments, and recorded. The mean amount of flexion, extension, and arc of motion was 142°, −11°, and 153°, respectively. Our data indicated no meaningful correlation between patient sex, age, or weight and the amount of flexion, extension, or the total arc of motion. It appears that elbow ROM in this population is not affected by sex, age, or weight. Normative data are critical when setting the goals of a particular therapeutic approach.

© 2013 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.

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