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Reliability and Validity of an Instrument to Measure the Beliefs of Intrapartum Nurses

Adams, Ellise D. PhD, CNM; Sauls, Donna J. PhD, RN

Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing: April/June 2014 - Volume 28 - Issue 2 - p 127–134
doi: 10.1097/JPN.0000000000000026
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Intrapartum nurses assume a central role in the birth process and make decisions driven by a set of beliefs. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to develop a valid and reliable instrument to measure birth beliefs of intrapartum nurses related to birth practice. A total of 313 intrapartum nurses accessed this online, self-administered instrument over a 3-month period. The Theory of Planned Behavior guided development of the Intrapartum Nurses' Beliefs Related to Birth Practice scale and provided a basis for the connection between beliefs and practice. This article describes the psychometric analysis of the instrument. Findings include a moderate, positive correlation with a similar instrument, a Cronbach α of 0.797, and 2 factors identifying belief systems. With further revision, this instrument may provide an accurate measure of the birth beliefs of intrapartum nurses.

College of Nursing, The University of Alabama in Huntsville (Dr Adams); and Texas Woman's University College of Nursing, Denton, Texas (Dr Sauls).

Corresponding Author: Ellise D. Adams, PhD, CNM, College of Nursing, The University of Alabama in Huntsville, 301 Sparkman Dr, Huntsville, AL 35899 (ellise.adams@uah.edu).

Disclosure: The authors have disclosed that they have no significant relationships with, or financial interest in, any commercial companies pertaining to this article.

Submitted for publication: January 6, 2014; accepted for publication: February 21, 2014.

© 2014 by Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.