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Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing:
doi: 10.1097/JPN.0b013e3182a99e7a
Feature Articles

Infant Formula Samples: Perinatal Sources and Breast-Feeding Outcomes at 1 Month Postpartum

Thurston, Amanda MS, RD; Bolin, Jocelyn H. PhD; Chezem, Jo Carol PhD, RD

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Abstract

The purpose was to describe sources of infant formula samples during the perinatal period and assess their associations with breast-feeding outcomes at 1 month postpartum. Subjects included expectant mothers who anticipated breast-feeding at least 1 month. Infant feeding history and sources of formula samples were obtained at 1 month postpartum. Associations between sources and breast-feeding outcomes were assessed using partial correlation. Of the 61 subjects who initiated breast-feeding, most were white (87%), married (75%), college-educated (75%), and planned exclusive breast-feeding (82%). Forty-two subjects (69%) continued breast-feeding at 1 month postpartum. Subjects received formula samples from the hospital (n = 40; 66%), physician's office (n = 10; 16%), and mail (n = 41; 67%). There were no significant correlations between formula samples from the hospital, physician's office, and/or mail and any or exclusive breast-feeding at 1 month (P > .05). In addition to the hospital, a long-standing source of formula samples, mail was also frequently reported as a route for distribution. The lack of statistically significant associations between formula samples and any or exclusive breast-feeding at 1 month may be related to small sample size and unique characteristics of the group studied.

© 2013 by Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

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