Safety: When Infants and Parents Are Research SubjectsThomas, Karen A. PhD, RNJournal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing: January/March 2005 - Volume 19 - Issue 1 - p 52–58 Feature Articles Abstract Author Information Patient safety is a central concern in nursing. Unlike other areas of patient safety, safety in research is particularly important because research is not part of standard care and participation is voluntary. Issues related to safety in research are especially pertinent to high-risk infants, because of the nature of parental (or legal guardian) consent and because children are considered a vulnerable group requiring special protection from research risks. Nurses must be aware of safety in research whether independently conducting research, employed by a research project, or caring for patients who are research subjects. This article reviews safety issues and policies, processes, and ethical guidelines designed to protect infants and children who are research subjects. Department of Family and Child Nursing, University of Washington, Seattle, Wash. Corresponding author: Karen A. Thomas, PhD, RN, Department of Family and Child Nursing, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98105 (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org). Submitted for publication: August 23, 2004; Accepted for publication: October 11, 2004 © 2005 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.