Risk Management and Electronic Fetal Monitoring: Decreasing Risk of Adverse Outcomes and Liability ExposureSimpson, Kathleen Rice PhD, RNC, FAAN; Knox, G. Eric MDJournal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing: December 2000 - Volume 14 - Issue 3 - p 40–52 Original Articles Abstract Author Information Electronic fetal monitoring (EFM) has the potential to promote fetal health and improve neonatal status at birth; however, EFM as a stand-alone tool is ineffective in avoiding preventable adverse outcomes. It is effective only when used in accordance with published standards and guidelines by professionals skilled in correct interpretation and when appropriate timely intervention is based on that interpretation. Interpretation and intervention are best accomplished as a collaborative perinatal team rather than individual activity. Only in these circumstances can EFM optimally contribute to fetal well-being and subsequent neonatal health. Risk management strategies to decrease potential liability are presented that can be accomplished with careful planning and collaboration among perinatal team members. Perinatal Clinical Nurse Specialist, Women's and Children's Care Center, St. John's Mercy Medical Center, St. Louis, Missouri (Simpson) President, Obstetrics Medical Group, Ft. Lauderdale, Florida, Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota (Knox) Submitted for publication: May 1, 2000; Accepted for publication: July 18, 2000 Copyright © 2000 by Aspen Publishers, Inc.