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Parents’ Knowledge and Perceptions Regarding Vitamin K Prophylaxis in Newborns

Eventov-Friedman, Smadar MD, PhD*; Vinograd, Orit RN, MPH; Ben-Haim, Maggie RN, MPA; Penso, Sara RN, MPA; Bar-Oz, Benjamin MD*; Zisk-Rony, Rachel Y. RN, MPH, PhD

Journal of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology: July 2013 - Volume 35 - Issue 5 - p 409–413
doi: 10.1097/MPH.0b013e318279e509
Clinical and Laboratory Observations

Background: There is an increasing trend of parents refusing vitamin K (VK) prophylaxis in newborns. We examined the knowledge, perceptions, cultural and religious barriers of expecting parents regarding VK prophylaxis.

Observations: Questionnaires were completed by 217 participants: 151 female participants and 85% were expecting their first child. Two thirds had academic degrees, yet were ignorant regarding recommendation to provide VK (22.5%), source (15.5%), action (34%), and provision options (29%). Moreover, first-time parents had not yet decided to provide VK after birth (P<0.05).

Conclusions: There is a need to provide expecting parents with information regarding safety, utility, and benefits of VK prophylaxis.

*Department of Neonatology

Postpartum Units

Henrietta Szold Hadassah, Hebrew University School of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel

Funded by the Nursing Research Unit of Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical Center.

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Reprints: Smadar Eventov-Friedman, MD, PhD, Department of Neonatology, Hadassah and Hebrew University Hospital, Ein Kerem, Jerusalem 91120, Israel (e-mail:

Received December 22, 2011

Accepted August 22, 2012

© 2013 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.