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Hemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis Associated With 2009 Pandemic Influenza A (H1N1) Virus Infection

Özdemir, Halil MD*; Çiftçi, Ergin MD*; İnce, Elif Ünal MD; Ertem, Mehmet MD; İnce, Erdal MD*; Doğru, Ülker MD*

Journal of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology: March 2011 - Volume 33 - Issue 2 - p 135–137
doi: 10.1097/MPH.0b013e3181f46baf
Clinical and Laboratory Observations

Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) has not been described earlier in the context of 2009 pandemic influenza A (H1N1) virus infection, although certain populations are thought to be at risk for complicated pandemic influenza A disease. Here, we report the second case of HLH after infection with the influenza A H1N1 virus treated with peroral oseltamivir successfully.

Department of *Pediatric Infectious Diseases

Department of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, Ankara University, Ankara, Turkey

Reprints: Halil Özdemir, MD, Department of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, Ankara University, Dikimevi-Ankara, Turkey (e-mail: doktorhalil@gmail.com).

Received April 22, 2010

Accepted July 16, 2010

© 2011 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.