The September-October issue of the Journal of Public Health Management and Practice is published during a time of high political activity. Candidates Hillary R. Clinton and Donald J. Trump are positioning themselves for the November presidential election only a few months into the future. A timely commentary, "Politics and Public Health-Engaging the Third Rail" by Edward Hunter, President of the de Beaumont Foundation, points to the importance of fundamental philosophical differences over the role of government which frame public health policy debates. Public health issues listed in the commentary, including gun violence and reproductive health, represent thorny policy conflicts both for public health professionals and politicians. New ground rules for both public health and elected officials are suggested to navigate these challenging shoals.
Public health interventions to reduce the adverse health consequences of cancer are the focus of this issue. "Using Evidence-Based Interventions to Improve Cancer Screening in the National Breast and Cervical Cancer Early Detection Program" by Amy DeGroff and her colleagues at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is an outstanding example of evidence-based decision making in cancer control. In the accompanying commentary, Ross Brownson, JPHMP Editorial Board member and frequent contributor to this journal, emphasizes the need for a greater focus on evidence-based decision making in public health settings. He refers to the Guide to Community Preventive Services as a resource for evidence-based interventions (EBIs). He raises important implications for practitioners, including the need for more progress on methods to implement and evaluate EBIs, continuing effective programs, and eliminating ineffective programs.
Other articles in the issue set forth recommendations on increasing colorectal screening both in San Francisco and internationally. Florence Tangka and colleagues from CDC contribute an economic evaluation of cancer registries.
Finally, the Editors would like to alert readers to a letter to the editor by Virginia Dato of the University of Pittsburg School of Medicine, and the response of John Auerbach of Northeastern University and Editorial Board member, on the editorial "3 Buckets of Prevention" published in our May 2016 issue. This editorial has received considerable attention and a future editorial in JPHMP will again address this topic.
Lloyd F. Novick, MD, MPH Justin B. Moore, PhD, MS
Editor-in-Chief Associate Editor
Editorial: Immunization Information Systems
Four articles on immunization information systems have been published ahead of print (PAP) by the Journal of Public Health Management and Practice. Two of these articles report the findings of a recent systematic review by the Community Preventive Services Task Force. A third article, a Practice Brief Report, provides “Recommendations for use of Immunization Information Systems to Increase Vaccination Rates.” A fourth article, from the Centers of Disease Control and Prevention, by Daniel Martin “Immunization Information Systems: A Decade of Progress in Law and Policy” is a study of laws, regulations and policies governing Immunization Information Systems (IIS), also known as immunization registries.
Here are the links to each article and the editorial that accompanies them:
Immunization Information Systems to Increase Vaccination Rates: A Community Guide Systematic Review
Economic Review of Immunization Information Systems to Increase Vaccination Rates: A Community Guide Systematic Review
Recommendation for Use of Immunization Information Systems to Increase Vaccination Rates
Immunization Information Systems: A Decade of Progress in Law and Policy