Ushering in 2015, the January issue of the Journal of Public Health Management and Practice focuses on the Affordable Care Act and Public Health guest edited by Bud Nicola and Mark Bittle. It is accompanied by a supplement entitled Big City Health Departments: Leadership Perspectives sponsored by the de Beaumont Foundation and guest edited by James Sprague, Foundation President. The design of the January issue is to report on the early progress of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) relevant to public health. The issue contains three sections: community health assessment, organization and delivery of care, and public policy. A key theme is community health needs assessment as mandated by the PPACA with reports of public health and health care system collaborative efforts. In one article by Sampson and Gearin, and another by Bakken and Kindig, results are described of the revised Internal Revenue Schedule H requirement for non-profit hospitals to annually disclose their community health benefits.
The second section of this issue relates changes PPACA has spurred in the delivery of preventive services and the enhancement of primary care in the US health care delivery system. Use of innovative delivery models are outlined including patient-centered medical homes and integration of community health workers. Policy is the third section of the issue with articles on PPACA and prevention, economic and health evaluation and workforce.
The January supplement, Big City Health Departments: Leadership Perspectives is a collection of articles and commentaries documenting the powerful influence of these public health organizations on improving the health of populations within their jurisdictions. James Sprague leads off the issue with Twenty Local Health Departments, 46 million people. An array of examples is provided from the largest cities in the nation. Carried through the seven commentaries from the leaders of 20 big city health departments (BCHD) is the theme of promoting health in the urban context above and beyond the traditional prescribed functions of local health departments. Rather these departments, existing in cities with resources and administrative authority often associated with large cities, are participants in processes characterized by a multisectoral approach to health. Reports in this issue emphasize the importance of this collaborative approach where health departments cannot establish healthy environments by themselves, but only conjointly with planning, public works, parks, and law enforcement.
A series of policy and analytic scientific articles accompany the commentaries illustrating the role of large health departments as important actors in the larger system to promote health. Jonathan P. Leider et al. characterizes the members of the BCHD in Organizational Characteristics of Large City Health Departments. Shelly Hearne et al. identifies pressing contemporary issues in The Future of Urban Health: Needs, Barriers, Opportunities and Policy Advancement at Large Urban Health Departments and Brian Castrucci et al. point out; What Gets Measured Gets Done: An Assessment of Local Data Uses and Needs in Large Urban Health Departments. This supplement identifies a role for BCHD in advancing the frontiers of public health action to engage with reform of the health care system and actualize Health in all Policies.
Lloyd F. Novick, MD, MPH Justin B. Moore, PhD, MS, FACSM
Editor, JPHMP Associate Editor, JPHMP
Four articles on immunization information systems have been published ahead of print (PAP) by the Journal of Public Health Management and Practice. Two of these articles report the findings of a recent systematic review by the Community Preventive Services Task Force. A third article, a Practice Brief Report, provides “Recommendations for use of Immunization Information Systems to Increase Vaccination Rates.” A fourth article, from the Centers of Disease Control and Prevention, by Daniel Martin “Immunization Information Systems: A Decade of Progress in Law and Policy” is a study of laws, regulations and policies governing Immunization Information Systems (IIS), also known as immunization registries.
Here are the links to each article and the editorial that accompanies them:
Editorial: Immunization Information Systems
Immunization Information Systems to Increase Vaccination Rates: A Community Guide Systematic Review
Economic Review of Immunization Information Systems to Increase Vaccination Rates: A Community Guide Systematic Review
Recommendation for Use of Immunization Information Systems to Increase Vaccination Rates
Immunization Information Systems: A Decade of Progress in Law and Policy