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The Public Health Role in the Primary Prevention of Diabetes: Recommendations From the Chronic Disease Directors' Project

Goodman, Robert M. PhD; Larsen, Barbara A. MPH, RD; Marmet, Paula F. MS, RD; Wheeler, Fran C. PhD; Adams, Peggy MSN, RN, CDE; Brownson, Carol A. MSPH; Cyzman, Denise MS, RD; Devlin, Heather MA; Forburger, Ann M. MS; Menon, Nidu PhD; Namageyo-Funa, Apophia MPH; Watson, Kate MA, MPA; Reese, April B. BSW; Yerkes, Adeline MPH, RN

Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: January-February 2008 - Volume 14 - Issue 1 - p 15–25
doi: 10.1097/01.PHH.0000303408.89355.dd
Article

Aim The article reports on the recommendations from the Diabetes Primary Prevention Project that was initiated and funded by the Division of Diabetes Translation, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and developed by the National Association of Chronic Disease Directors.

Method Essential components of statewide programs are delineated for effective interventions for diabetes primary prevention. The recommendations were derived from a structured process that is detailed on the basis of a cross-comparison of state-level diabetes prevention initiatives in six states where such programs were most developed.

Results The recommendations focus on state-level partnerships, statewide program planning, required resources, policies, benchmarks for progress, and data collection.

Conclusion Illustrations are provided regarding how the project influenced the six participating states in further developing their programs for the primary prevention of diabetes.

This article describes the role of public health agencies in the primary prevention of diabetes and reports on the recommendations of the Chronic Disease Directors' Project, which is based on a cross-comparison of state-level diabetes prevention initiatives in six states where such programs were most developed.

Robert M. Goodman, PhD, is Dean and Professor, School of Health, Physical Education, and Recreation, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana.

Barbara A. Larsen, MPH, RD, is with Heart Disease & Stroke Prevention Program, Utah Department of Health, Salt Lake City, Utah.

Paula F. Marmet, MS, RD, is with Bureau of Health Promotion, Kansas Department of Health and Environment, Topeka, Kansas.

Fran C. Wheeler, PhD, is with National Association of Chronic Disease Directors, Atlanta, Georgia.

Peggy Adams, MSN, RN, CDE, is with Diabetes Prevention and Control Program, West Virginia Department of Health and Human Resources, Charleston, West Virginia.

Carol A. Brownson, MSPH, is with National Program Office – RWJF Diabetes Initiative, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri.

Denise Cyzman, MS, RD, is in the Diabetes and Other Chronic Diseases Section, Michigan Department of Community Health, Lansing, Michigan.

Heather Devlin, MA, is with Minnesota Diabetes Program, Minnesota Department of Health, Minneapolis, Minnesota.

Ann M. Forburger, MS, is with Diabetes Prevention and Control Project, Virginia Department of Health, Richmond, Virginia.

Nidu Menon, PhD, is with Division of Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, Massachusetts Department of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts.

Apophia Namageyo-Funa, MPH, is with Division of Diabetes Translation, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.

Kate Watson, MA, MPA, is with Diabetes Prevention and Control Program, Kansas Department of Health & Environment, Topeka, Kansas.

April B. Reese, BSW, is with NC Diabetes Prevention and Control Program, NC Dept of Health & Human Services, Raleigh, North Carolina.

Adeline Yerkes, MPH, RN, is with Chronic Disease Service, Oklahoma State Department of Health, Oklahoma City.

Corresponding Author: Robert M. Goodman, PhD, School of Health, Physical Education, and Recreation, Indiana University, 1025 E 7th St, Bloomington, IN 47405 (rmg@indiana.edu).

The authors acknowledge the following individuals who participated in a consensus meeting for generating the recommendations contained herein: Jean Chabut, MPH, RN, Public Health Administration, Michigan Department of Community Health; Jay Desai, MPH, Minnesota Diabetes Program, Minnesota Department of Health; Kurt Greenlund, PhD, Division of Adult and Community Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC); Elaine Kiziah, PhD, Diabetes Prevention and Control Project, Virginia Department of Health; Amy Koonce, MPH, Division of Cancer Prevention and Control, CDC; Sandra Langston, MPH, Diabetes Prevention and Control Program, Alabama Department of Health; Judi Lyles, PhD, Michigan Public Health Institute; Jerrica Mathis, BS, National Association of Chronic Disease Directors; Dara L. Murphy, MPH, Division of Diabetes Translation, CDC; Alison Rick, MPH, Minnesota Diabetes Program, Minnesota Department of Health; Ramona D. Schaeffer, MSEd, CHES, Division of Chronic Disease Prevention and Control, Virginia Department of Health; Dennis M. Shepard, MAT, CHES, Steps to a Healthier America, YMCA of the USA; Amy B. Slonim, PhD, Michigan Institute of Public Health; and Deb Williams, MPH, MA, Bureau of Health Promotion, Kansas Department of Health and Environment.

© 2008 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.