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Health Ranking of the Largest US Counties Using the Community Health Status Indicators Peer Strata and Database

Kanarek, Norma PhD, MPH; Tsai, Hua-Ling MHS; Stanley, Jennifer MA

Journal of Public Health Management & Practice:
doi: 10.1097/PHH.0b013e318205413c
Commentary
Abstract

Objective: Using the structure of the Community Health Status Indicators (CHSI) report, we embarked on analysis of population health data with the aim to validate the CHSI modules as overarching themes and to rank county health within peer strata.

Design, Setting, Participants: Ranking was conducted for the largest (>100 000), nonfrontier counties (county aggregates) (N = 508) in the United States for many aspects of population health. Factor analysis was used to assess CHSI modularity and analyses of variance confirmed peer strata homogeneity.

Main Outcome Measures: Ten factors were identified. They were life stage, injury, cancer, adult behaviors, preventive services, environment-food, and health care access. Because they did not contribute to a factor, 4 CHSI summary health measures (all-cause mortality, average life expectancy, health status, and unhealthy days) were also ranked.

Results: No single factor emerged as reflecting overall county health.

Conclusions: Further summary of county health will be challenging. We present the ranks for CHSI peer strata #1, local jurisdictions of 1 million or greater population. County factor content and data availability may differ when counties of smaller size are considered. Ranking may be utilized by community leaders for community health assessment and local priority setting, and ultimately incorporated into CHSI Web-based reports.

In Brief

This study analyzes population health data to assess the modularity and validity of methods to rank health for the 508 largest counties in the United States with populations of 100,000 or greater.

Author Information

Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health (Dr Kanarek) and Department of Oncology, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine (Ms Tsai), Baltimore, Maryland. Ms Stanley is independent public health consultant, Washington, District of Columbia.

Correspondence: Norma Kanarek, PhD, MPH, Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205 (nkanarek@jhsph.edu).

Robert Wood Johnson Foundation funding to the Public Health Foundation supported this analysis.

Disclosure: The authors report no conflicts of interest.

© 2011 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.