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Perspectives on Public Health Workforce Research

Crawford, Carol A. Gotway PhD; Summerfelt, Wm. Thomas PhD; Roy, Kakoli PhD, MA; Chen, Zhuo (Adam) PhD, MS; Meltzer, David O. MD, PhD; Thacker, Stephen B. MD, MSc

Journal of Public Health Management & Practice:
doi: 10.1097/PHH.0b013e3181bdff7d
Article
Abstract

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Office of Workforce and Career Development is committed to developing a competent, sustainable, and diverse public health workforce through evidence-based training, career and leadership development, and strategic workforce planning to improve population health outcomes. This article reviews the previous efforts in identifying priorities of public health workforce research, which are summarized as eight major research themes. We outline a strategic framework for public health workforce research that includes six functional areas (ie, definition and standards, data, methodology, evaluation, policy, and dissemination and translation). To conceptualize and prioritize development of an actionable public health research agenda, we constructed a matrix of key challenges in workforce analysis by public health workforce categories. Extensive reviews were conducted to identify valuable methods, models, and approaches to public health workforce research. We explore new tools and approaches for addressing priority areas for public health workforce and career development research and assess how tools from multiple disciplines of social sciences can guide the development of a research framework for advancing public health workforce research and policy.

In Brief

This article explores new tools and approaches for addressing priority areas and indicates how tools from multiple disciplines of social sciences can guide the development of an objective, evidence-based, and policy-focused framework for advancing public health workforce research and policy.

Author Information

Chief Science Officer, Office of Workforce and Career Development, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia. (Crawford)

Vice President of Research, Advocate Health Care, Chicago, Illinois. (Summerfelt)

Senior Economist, Office of Workforce and Career Development, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia. (Roy)

Economist and Senior Service Fellow at the Office of Workforce and Career Development, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia. (Chen)

Associate Professor, Department of Medicine and Economics, and the Graduate School of Public Policy, University of Chicago. He is Chief of the Section of Hospital Medicine and Director of the Center for Health and the Social Sciences. (Meltzer)

Director, Office of Workforce and Career Development, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia. (Thacker)

Corresponding Author: Carol A. Gotway Crawford, PhD, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Office of Workforce and Career Development, 1600 Clifton Rd, NE, MS E-94, Atlanta, GA 30333 (cdg7@cdc.gov).

Disclaimer: The findings and conclusions in this report are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent the official position of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

© 2009 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.