An organization's workforce—or human capital—is its most valuable asset. The 2002 President's Management Agenda emphasizes the importance of strategic human capital management by requiring all federal agencies to improve performance by enhancing personnel and compensation systems. In response to these directives, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) drafted its strategic human capital management plan to ensure that it is aligned strategically to support the agency's mission and its health protection goals. In this article, we explore the personnel economics literature to draw lessons from research studies that can help CDC enhance its human capital management and planning. To do so, we focus on topics that are of practical importance and empirical relevance to CDC's internal workforce and personnel needs with an emphasis on identifying promising research issues or methodological approaches. The personnel economics literature is rich with theoretically sound and empirically rigorous approaches for shaping an evidence-based approach to human capital management that can enhance incentives to attract, retain, and motivate a talented federal public health workforce, thereby promoting the culture of high-performance government.
This article explains the personnel economics literature to draw lessons from research studies that can help the CDC enhance its human capital management and planning.
Senior Economist at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Her current research interests include integrating economic methods in public health workforce research, assessing burden of disease and health disparities in the United States, and analyzing health policy issues in low-income countries. (Roy)
Economist and Senior Service Fellow at the Office of Workforce and Career Development, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia. (Chen)
Chief Science Officer, Office of Workforce and Career Development, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia. (Crawford)
Corresponding Author: Kakoli Roy, PhD, MA, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd NE, MS-E94, Atlanta, GA 30333 (firstname.lastname@example.org).
Disclaimer: The findings and conclusions in this report are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent the official position of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.