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Translating Science to Practice: Community and Academic Perspectives

Colditz, Graham A. DrPH, MD; Emmons, Karen M. PhD; Vishwanath, K. PhD; Kerner, Jon F. PhD

Journal of Public Health Management & Practice: March/April 2008 - Volume 14 - Issue 2 - p 144–149
doi: 10.1097/01.PHH.0000311892.73078.8b
Article

While evidence Reviews inform practice and policy guidelines, the gap between guidelines and implementation may be growing. We place dissemination and implementation Research in the context of other changes needed to drive Research into practice. Multilevel approaches to Research and dissemination are needed as are metrics to inform academic appointment and promotions. Moving beyond funding that stops and starts with grant cycles is a key issue from the community perspective to ensure continuity and improved health. Transdisciplinary approaches that cut across disciplinary boundaries to develop shared conceptual frameworks may help speed the integration of Research with practice. Identifying and implementing structural changes to develop and support transdisciplinary teams may further facilitate this process. Changes in the approaches used to structure and implement scientific advances into practice will help achieve the enormous potential to advance the health of the population.

While evidence Reviews inform practice and policy guidelines, the gap between guidelines and implementation may be growing. This article shows the placement of dissemination and implementation Research in the context of other changes needed to drive Research into practice.

Graham A. Colditz, DrPH, MD, is Niess-Gain Professor, Department of Surgery, and Associate Director, Prevention and Control, Alvin J. Siteman Cancer Center, School of Medicine, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri.

Karen M. Emmons, PhD, is Professor, Society, Human Development, and Health at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and the Harvard School of Public Health, and Associate Director, Initiative to Eliminate Cancer Disparities, Dana-Farber/Harvard Cancer Center, Boston, Massachusetts.

K. Vishwanath, PhD, is Associate Professor, Society, Human Development, and Health at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and the Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts.

Jon F. Kerner, PhD, is Deputy Director, Research Dissemination and Diffusion, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland.

Corresponding Author: Graham A. Colditz, DrPH, MD, Department of Surgery, Washington University, Campus Box 8109, 660 S Euclid Ave, St Louis, MO 63110 (colditzg@wustl.edu).

© 2008 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.