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Health Department Activities Regarding Nonmotorized Small‐Wheel Forms of Recreation

Yingling, Faith PhD, CHES; Price, James H. PhD, MPH, FAAHB; Telljohann, Susan K. HSD, CHES, FASHA; Schmalzried, Hans PhD

Journal of Public Health Management & Practice: January/February 2005 - Volume 11 - Issue 1 - p 37–45
Article

The Stages of Change Model and perceived benefits and barriers to providing injury prevention activities for nonmotorized small-wheel forms of recreation by local health departments were used to determine the status of injury prevention activity. A questionnaire mailed to a national random sample of 600 health departments resulted in a response rate of 67%. Approximately 10% of health departments were in the action and maintenance stages of the Stages of Change Model in relation to nonmotorized small-wheel forms of recreation, while the majority (70%) was in the precontemplation stage. More than 98% of health departments agreed that there were benefits to providing nonmotorized small-wheel forms of recreation injury prevention activities, including “decrease injury,” “increase likelihood of wearing recommended safety equipment,” and “increase awareness of injury.” The vast majority (96%) of health departments believed there were barriers to providing injury prevention activities, including lack of financial resources, not enough expertise, and not enough time.

Described within this article, the Stages of Change Model and perceived benefits and barriers to providing injury prevention activities for nonmotorized small-wheel forms of recreation by local health departments were used to determine the status of injury prevention activities.

Injury Prevention Specialist, Toledo Children's Hospital, Toledo, Ohio (Yingling).

Professor of Public Health, Department of Public Health, University of Toledo, Ohio (Price).

Professor of Health Education, Department of Public Health, University of Toledo, Ohio (Telljohann).

Health Commissioner, Fulton County Health Department, Wauseon, Ohio (Schmalzried).

Corresponding author and reprint requests to: Faith Yingling, PhD, CHES, Toledo Children's Hospital, 2150 W. Central Ave. Toledo, OH 43606 (e-mail: faith.yingling@promedica.org).

Funded by Society for Public Health Education (SOPHE)/Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Student Fellowship in Unintentional Injury Prevention.

© 2005 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.