Three in-depth case studies were conducted to explore the impact of Medicaid managed care on local health department prevention activities. Tuberculosis (TB) was selected as a sentinel issue because TB includes both clinical treatment and population-based public health considerations (such as surveillance and contact tracing). Overall, study results indicated that there has been a minimal impact on TB prevention and control services, primarily because few TB patients are served by managed care. However, the sites offer many suggestions for areas to monitor, possible collaborative opportunities, and mechanisms to assure continued TB prevention and control.
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