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Single nucleotide polymorphisms in the CYP2J2 and CYP2C8 genes and the risk of hypertension

King, Lorraine M.a; Gainer, James V.b; David, Gloria L.a; Dai, Dinga; Goldstein, Joyce A.a; Brown, Nancy J.b; Zeldin, Darryl C.a

Pharmacogenetics and Genomics: January 2005 - Volume 15 - Issue 1 - pp 7-13
Original Articles

CYP2J2 and CYP2C8 metabolize arachidonic acid (AA) to cis-epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs), which play a central role in regulating renal tubular fluid-electrolyte transport and vascular tone. We hypothesized that functionally relevant polymorphisms in the CYP2J2 or CYP2C8 genes influence hypertension risk. We examined associations between CYP2J2*7 (G-50 T promoter) and CYP2C8*3 (Arg139Lys and Lys399Arg, which are in 100% linkage disequilibrium) polymorphisms and hypertension in a biethnic population from Tennessee. CYP2J2*7 variant allele frequency was significantly higher in African-Americans versus Caucasians (14.1% versus 7.7%, P=0.01), irrespective of hypertension status. When analysed separately by race, the genotype distribution of the CYP2J2*7 variant allele was not significantly different among African-Americans with/without hypertension, but was significantly different among Caucasians with/without hypertension (P=0.03). Indeed, the odds ratio of having hypertension attributable to carrying the CYP2J2*7 variant allele adjusted for age, gender, body mass index and family history was 0.39 (95% confidence interval 0.17–0.89) among Caucasians, suggesting a protective effect. Additional subgroup analyses revealed a significantly lower CYP2J2*7 variant allele frequency in hypertensive versus normotensive Caucasian males (5.6% versus 12.5%, P=0.02) and in hypertensive versus normotensive Caucasians without a family history of hypertension (1.5% versus 11.0%, P=0.03). With respect to the CYP2C8*3 variant, genotype distribution and allele frequencies were similar between normotensive and hypertensive subjects. This study provides evidence for an association between CYP2J2*7 genotype and hypertension in Caucasian males and Caucasians without a family history of hypertension, but suggests no association between CYP2C8*3 genotype and hypertension. Confirmation of these findings in additional populations is warranted.

aDivision of Intramural Research, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Institutes of Health, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina

bDivision of Clinical Pharmacology, Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee, USA

Sponsorship: This study was funded by the NIEHS Division of Intramural Research.

Correspondence and requests for reprints to Dr Darryl C. Zeldin, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Institutes of Health, 111 T.W. Alexander Drive, Building 101, Room D236, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA.

Tel: +1 919 541 1169; fax: +1 919 541 4133;

e-mail: zeldin@niehs.nih.gov

Received 22 September 2004 Accepted 2 November 2004

© 2005 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.