Share this article on:

Arsenic in Rice: A Cause for Concern

Hojsak, Iva*; Braegger, Christian; Bronsky, Jiri; Campoy, Cristina§; Colomb, Virginie||; Decsi, Tamas; Domellöf, Magnus#; Fewtrell, Mary**; Mis, Nataša Fidler††; Mihatsch, Walter‡‡,1; Molgaard, Christian§§; van Goudoever, Johannes¶¶,2; for the ESPGHAN Committee on Nutrition

Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology & Nutrition: January 2015 - Volume 60 - Issue 1 - p 142–145
doi: 10.1097/MPG.0000000000000502
Consensus Statement

ABSTRACT: Inorganic arsenic intake is likely to affect long-term health. High concentrations are found in some rice-based foods and drinks widely used in infants and young children. In order to reduce exposure, we recommend avoidance of rice drinks for infants and young children. For all of the rice products, strict regulation should be enforced regarding arsenic content. Moreover, infants and young children should consume a balanced diet including a variety of grains as carbohydrate sources. Although rice protein–based infant formulas are an option for infants with cows’ milk protein allergy, the inorganic arsenic content should be declared and the potential risks should be considered when using these products.

*University Children's Hospital Zagreb, Croatia

University Children's Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland

Department of Paediatrics, University Hospital Motol, Prague, Czech Republic

§Department of Paediatrics, University of Granada, Spain

||Hospital Necker, Paris, France

Department of Paediatrics, University of Pecs, Hungary

#Department of Clinical Sciences, Pediatrics, Umeå University, Sweden

**Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, UCL Institute of Child Health, London, UK

††Department of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, University Children's Hospital, University Medical Centre Ljubljana, Slovenia

‡‡Department of Pediatrics, Harlaching, Munich Municipal Hospitals, Germany

§§Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, University of Copenhagen, Denmark

¶¶Department of Pediatrics, Emma Children's Hospital-AMC, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

1Secretary of the Committee on Nutrition.

2Chair of the Committee on Nutrition.

Address correspondence and reprint requests to Iva Hojsak, MD, PhD, University Children's Hospital Zagreb, University of Zagreb School of Medicine, Klaiceva 16, Zagreb, Croatia (e-mail:

Received 13 May, 2014

Accepted 7 July, 2014

The authors report no conflicts of interest.

© 2015 by European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition and North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology,