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Presence of Human Enteric Viruses in the Stools of Healthy Malawian 6-Month-Old Infants

Rodríguez-Díaz, Jesús*,†; Mira-Pascual, Laia*,†; Collado, Maria Carmen*,†; Endo, Akihito*; Hyöty, Heikki; Mangani, Charles§; Maleta, Kenneth§; Ashorn, Per||; Salminen, Seppo*

Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology & Nutrition: April 2014 - Volume 58 - Issue 4 - p 502–504
doi: 10.1097/MPG.0000000000000215
Original Articles: Gastroenterology

ABSTRACT: The acquisition of intestinal microbiota is essential for infants who are also in close contact with intestinal viruses. We assayed the presence of human enteric viruses in the faeces of 44 healthy breast-fed 6-month-old infants from rural Malawi. Half of the infants tested harboured enteroviruses, although the infants had no gastric symptoms, suggesting a viral community mainly composed of human asymptomatic enteroviruses.

*Functional Foods Forum, University of Turku, Turku, Finland

Department of Biotechnology, Institute of Agrochemistry and Food Technology—Spanish National Research Council (IATA-CSIC), Valencia, Spain

School of Medicine, University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland

§Department of Community Health, College of Medicine, University, Blantyre, Malawi

||Department of International Health, School of Medicine, University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland.

Address correspondence and reprint requests to Akihito Endo, PhD, Functional Foods Forum, University of Turku, Itäinen Pitkäkatu 4A, FI-20014 Turku, Finland (e-mail:

Received 11 October, 2013

Accepted 11 October, 2013

Drs Rodríguez-Díaz and Mira-Pascual contributed equally to the article.

This work was funded by the Academy of Finland.

J.R.D. was the recipient of a JAE-DOC contract from CSIC/FSE. J.R.D., L.M., and M.C.C. were supported by Fun-C-Food CSD2007-00063 from the Consolider-Ingenio program from the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation. The other authors report no conflicts of interest.

© 2014 by European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition and North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology,