Skip Navigation LinksHome > December 2013 - Volume 57 - Issue 6 > Baclofen for the Treatment of Pediatric GERD
Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology & Nutrition:
doi: 10.1097/MPG.0b013e3182a2747b
Original Articles: Gastroenterology

Baclofen for the Treatment of Pediatric GERD

Vadlamudi, Narendra B.; Hitch, Meredith C.; Dimmitt, Reed A.; Thame, Kirk A.

Collapse Box

Abstract

Background and Aim: Baclofen, a γ-aminobutyric acid receptor agonist, has been shown to reduce the episodes of gastroesophageal reflux (GER) by reducing the incidence of transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxations. Although baclofen has been shown to reduce reflux symptoms in adults, data in pediatric patients are limited. The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy of baclofen in children with refractory GER.

Methods: Medical charts of patients 1 to 18 years of age treated with baclofen for persistent GER symptoms were reviewed retrospectively. Short-term (at first clinic visit) and long-term (12 months) clinical responses were assessed.

Results: A total of 53 patients were included in the final analysis. The mean duration of illness was 1.5 years and the mean age was 6.1 years. All of the patients were taking either once- (53%) or twice-daily (47%) doses of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) at the time of initiation of baclofen. Thirty-five (66%) patients experienced a significant reduction in clinical symptoms at their first follow-up visit. In the remaining 18 patients, however, baclofen was stopped because of either no response (n = 15) or adverse events (n = 3). A total of 27 patients continued treatment and were assessed for long-term response. Of those, 22 (81%) had a sustained response to baclofen at 12 months, whereas 5 (19%) lost response. We recognized no clinical characteristic differences between those with and without a response to baclofen at either time point.

Conclusions: Baclofen can be used as supplemental therapy to proton pump inhibitors in children with refractory GER; however, prospective trials are needed to further validate our results and assess safety.

© 2013 by European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition and North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology,

Login

Article Tools

Share

Search for Similar Articles
You may search for similar articles that contain these same keywords or you may modify the keyword list to augment your search.

Connect With Us

 

 

Twitter

twitter.com/JPGNonline

 

Visit JPGN.org on your smartphone. Scan this code (QR reader app required) with your phone and be taken directly to the site.