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Clostridium difficile Infection in Newly Diagnosed Pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease in the Mid-Southern United States

Mir, Sabina A.V.; Kellermayer, Richard

Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology & Nutrition: October 2013 - Volume 57 - Issue 4 - p 487–488
doi: 10.1097/MPG.0b013e3182a027c5
Original Articles: Gastroenterology

ABSTRACT: Clostridium difficile is an emerging opportunistic pathogen that infects patients with underlying chronic disorders such as inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) at high rates. An extremely high prevalence of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) was noted recently in new-onset pediatric IBD from eastern Europe (Poland). We examined the rate of CDI in our new pediatric IBD patients (123 tested) from 2010 to 2012. The overall prevalence of CDI at disease onset was 8.1%, significantly (P < 0.0001) lower than in Poland, but much higher than in the general population. This work supports the testing for Clostridium difficile in suspected cases of new-onset pediatric IBD.

Section of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Baylor College of Medicine, USDA/ARS Children's Nutrition Research Center, Texas Children's Hospital, Houston.

Address correspondence and reprint requests to Richard Kellermayer, MD, PhD, Section of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Baylor College of Medicine, 6621 Fannin St, CC1010.00, Houston, TX 77030-2399 (e-mail: kellerma@bcm.edu).

Received 12 March, 2013

Accepted 11 June, 2013

The authors report no conflicts of interest.

© 2013 by European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition and North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology,