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Esophageal Endoscopic Dilations

Lakhdar-Idrissi, Mounia; Khabbache, Kawtar; Hida, Moustapha

Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition: June 2012 - Volume 54 - Issue 6 - p 744–747
doi: 10.1097/MPG.0b013e31824b16b2
Original Articles: Gastroenterology

Objective: Esophageal strictures in children are serious and require specialized care. Peptic stricture is most common in our context, whereas caustic and congenital strictures are rare. The present study reports our experience in esophageal endoscopic dilation while specifying the causes of esophageal strictures as well as their response to endoscopic treatment.

Methods: This is a case study during a period of 7 years, in which 60 cases of esophageal stricture were treated with endoscopic dilation by Savary-Gilliard bougies. Our patients were divided into 3 groups: group A for peptic strictures (52 patients), group B for caustic strictures (4 patients), and group C for strictures subsequent to esophageal atresia surgery (4 patients). The age of patients was between 10 months and 17 years. Dysphagia was the main symptom and was the major reason for consultation. Two hundred forty-seven dilation sessions were performed, with an average of 4 sessions per patient ranging from 1 to 15 sessions. The maximum score was observed in group B (50%). Expansion was performed under deep sedation.

Results: We had 2 esophageal perforations: 1 in group A and 1 in group B. A good response was obtained in group A (70%) and B (50%). The patients in group C still required repeated sessions.

Conclusions: Esophagus endoscopic dilation is an effective technique, especially in peptic stricture, with no need of surgery in some cases. In addition, perforation was rare in this group.

Pediatric service, University Hospital Hassan II, Fez, Morocco.

Address correspondence and reprint requests to Dr Mounia Lakhdar-Idrissi, Pediatric Service, University Hospital Hassan II, Fez 30000, Morocco (e-mail:

Received 1 August, 2011

Accepted 18 October, 2011

The authors report no conflicts of interest.

Copyright 2012 by ESPGHAN and NASPGHAN