You could be reading the full-text of this article now if you...

If you have access to this article through your institution,
you can view this article in

Stool Pattern Changes in Toddlers Consuming a Follow-on Formula Supplemented With Polydextrose and Galactooligosaccharides

Ribeiro, Tereza C.M.*; Costa-Ribeiro, Hugo Jr*; Almeida, Patricia S.*; Pontes, Mariana V.*; Leite, Maria E.Q.*; Filadelfo, Lais R.*; Khoury, Jane C.; Bean, Judy A.; Mitmesser, Susan H.; Vanderhoof, Jon A.; Scalabrin, Deolinda M.F.

Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology & Nutrition:
doi: 10.1097/MPG.0b013e31823a8a4c
Short Communications

ABSTRACT: Healthy 9- to 48-month-old children (n = 133) were randomized to receive a cow's-milk–based follow-on formula (control) or the same formula with polydextrose and galactooligosaccharides (PDX/GOS) for 108 days. Pediatricians assessed diarrheal disease, stool pattern, acute respiratory infection, systemic antibiotic use, and growth. The 2 groups had similar weight-for-length/height z score and similar odds of having diarrheal disease, acute respiratory infection, and systemic antibiotic use; however, PDX/GOS had greater odds of increased defecation than control (P ≤ 0.01). Addition of PDX and GOS to a follow-on formula was well tolerated and induced a pattern of more frequent and softer stools in toddlers.

Author Information

*Department of Pediatrics, Fima Lifshitz Research Center, University Hospital Complex Professor Edgard Santos, Federal University of Bahia, Salvador, Brazil

Division of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH

Department of Clinical Research, Medical Affairs, Mead Johnson Nutrition, Evansville, IN.

Address correspondence and reprint requests to Susan H. Mitmesser, PhD, Department of Clinical Research, Medical Affairs, Mead Johnson Nutrition, 2400 West Lloyd Expressway, Evansville, IN 47721 (e-mail:

Received 4 March, 2011

Accepted 6 September, 2011 registration number: NCT01177605.

The present study was supported by Mead Johnson Nutrition.

The authors report no conflicts of interest.

Copyright 2012 by ESPGHAN and NASPGHAN