ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to determine the effectiveness of a school-initiated cognitive and behavioral program to reduce childhood obesity. Height, weight, body mass index (BMI), and BMI z scores were obtained at the beginning and end of the school year at an intervention school (n = 1022) and at a control school (n = 692). The prevalence of overweight and obesity was 18.9% and 30.4% versus 19% and 30.2%, respectively, in the intervention and control schools. The incidence of overweight increased in the control school, but the incidence of obesity, weight, and BMI z scores increased significantly in the intervention school, suggesting that implementation of any school-based obesity intervention programs requires careful planning to achieve goals.
*Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine
†Texas Children's Hospital
‡Sylvan Rodriguez Elementary School, Houston, TX.
Address correspondence and reprint requests to William W. Wong, PhD, USDA/ARS Children's Nutrition Research Center, 1100 Bates St, Houston, TX 77030 (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Received 15 June, 2011
Accepted 5 August, 2011
The project was entirely supported by the Houston Independent School District.
The authors report no conflicts of interest.