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Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology & Nutrition:
Original Articles

Effect of Locust Bean Gum in Anti-regurgitant Milk on the Regurgitation in Uncomplicated Gastroesophageal Reflux

Miyazawa, Reiko; Tomomasa, Takeshi; Kaneko, Hiroaki; Morikawa, Akihiro

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Objectives: To evaluate the efficacy of anti-regurgitant milk (AR milk) with reduced concentration of locust bean gum (LBG) compared with the usual commercially available concentration of this thickener.

Methods: Thirty infants with daily regurgitation but no other medical problems were randomly assigned to one of two groups. Infants in group A (n = 16) were fed either HL-450, an AR milk thickened with a commonly used concentration of LBG (0.45 g/100 mL) or control milk (HL-00; no LBG) in a crossover manner for periods of 1 week. The order of milk was randomly chosen for each subject. Infants in group B (n = 14) were fed HL-350, an AR milk with a reduced LBG concentration (0.35 g/100 mL), or HL-00 in the same crossover fashion. The number of episodes of regurgitation, feeding time, and body weight gain were recorded. Three infants in group B did not complete the protocol and were excluded.

Results: Both AR formulas decreased the number of regurgitation episodes by approximately 50% compared with control. Five mothers who gave their infants HL-450 and no mothers who fed their children HL-350 reported that the infants had difficulty sucking the formula through the nipple. Thirteen (81.3%) mothers who used HL-450 and 9 (81.8%) mothers who used HL-350 preferred the AR milk to the control milk.

Conclusions: An AR milk with reduced LBG was as effective in reducing regurgitation as one with the usually available concentration of LBG.

© 2004 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.


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