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Congenital Anomalies of the Female Urogenital Tract

Croak, Andrew DO; Gebhart, John B. MD

Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery: July-August 2005 - Volume 11 - Issue 4 - p 165-181
doi: 10.1097/01.spv.0000170512.56557.3d
Fellows Lecture Series

As a continuation of the series on board objectives for Female Pelvic Medicine/Reconstructive Surgery Fellows, this lecture may be used to achieve a comprehensive understanding of female urogenital tract anomalies. The lecture focuses on urogenital anomalies unique to chromosomally normal females (XX) and excludes those of the intersex. Lecture objectives comprise:

Congenital anomalies of the female urogenital tract are challenging to diagnose. A long-term multidisciplinary approach to treatment may help the patient achieve satisfaction in anatomy, reproductive function, and sexuality.

From the Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota.

Reprints: Andrew Croak, DO, Northwest Ohio Center for Urogynecology and Women's Health, 625 Gibbs Street, Maumee, OH 43537. E-mail:

© 2005 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.