Background: Identification of occult malignancy after intra-abdominal morcellation at the time of robotic-assisted supracervical hysterectomy and cervicosacropexy for uterine prolapse may lead to challenging postoperative management and leads one to question the need for preoperative evaluation.
Cases: We present 2 cases of occult endometrial carcinoma after robotic-assisted supracervical hysterectomy and cervicosacropexy with intra-abdominal uterine morcellation from January 2008 to December 2010. A total of 63 patients underwent the stated surgical procedure with 2 patients (3.17%) found to have abnormal uterine pathologic finding with International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics grade 1 endometrial adenocarcinoma. Both cases occurred in asymptomatic postmenopausal patients without risk factors for endometrial cancer, including no history of postmenopausal bleeding or hormone replacement therapy. Owing to intraoperative uterine morcellation and cervical retention, appropriate postoperative management was controversial and problematic. Each patient was referred to gynecologic oncology. To date, both patients are without evidence of residual disease.
Conclusion: Owing to the risk of occult uterine pathologic finding and complicated postoperative management, preoperative endometrial assessment should be considered on all postmenopausal patients undergoing intra-abdominal uterine morcellation, regardless of risk factors.