Skip Navigation LinksHome > January/February 2011 - Volume 17 - Issue 1 > Impact of Hormones on Female Sexual Function and Dysfunction
Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery:
doi: 10.1097/SPV.0b013e318204491f
Fellows Article

Impact of Hormones on Female Sexual Function and Dysfunction

Sandhu, Katherine Shaio MD; Melman, Arnold MD; Mikhail, Magdy S. MD

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Abstract

The female sexual response cycle is a complex system composed of physiologic changes, psychological, and cultural factors. Female sexual dysfunction (FSD) encompasses a variety of sexual problems, including low desire or interest, diminished arousal, difficulties with orgasm, and dyspareunia. Research in female sexual function and dysfunction has lagged significantly behind males despite our current knowledge that FSD can occur in as many of 80% of the female population. Basic science research exists but also identifies serious gaps in our fundamental knowledge of this area. The purpose of this article was to review our current understanding of the effects of hormones on normal physiologic sexual responses in women, female sexual function and dysfunction, and the available treatment options for the various components of FSD.

© 2011 by Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

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