Introduction: Previous investigations have shown an increased risk of mesh erosion when concomitant vaginal hysterectomy is performed at the time of transvaginal reconstruction with mesh. We hypothesize that vaginal hysterectomy can be performed without a high risk of erosion.
Methods: This is a retrospective, repeated-measures study of women with uterovaginal prolapse who underwent vaginal hysterectomy and pelvic reconstruction with a transvaginal mesh technique using the Prolift system. Mesh was never placed behind the cuff closure and "T" incisions were not used. We compared preoperative quality-of-life and Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification values to postoperative values.
Results: Forty women met the study criteria. The median length of follow-up was 12 months (range 4-43 months). Thirty-two (80%) of the women had at least 1 year of follow-up. Significant improvements were found in all quality-of-life measures. Except for genital hiatus and perineal body length, a significant change was seen in all Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification measures. The greatest mean change found was for point "C" going from +2.4 to −6.8 cm (P < 0.001). There was 1 (2.5%) mesh erosion.
Conclusions: When incisions for mesh placement are kept separate from the vaginal cuff, transvaginal mesh reconstruction can be safely performed at the time of hysterectomy.