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Validating Fall Prevention Icons to Support Patient-Centered Education.

Leung, Wai Yin MS; Adelman, Jason MD; Bates, David W. MD, MSc; Businger, Alexandra MPH; Dykes, John S. MFA; Ergai, Awatef PhD; Hurley, Ann DNSc, RN; Katsulis, Zachary BS; Khorasani, Sarah BS; Scanlan, Maureen MSN, RN; Schenkel, Laura BS; Rai, Amisha PA-C, MHS; Dykes, Patricia C. PhD, MA, RN
doi: 10.1097/PTS.0000000000000354
Original Article: PDF Only

Introduction: Falls with injury are the most prevalent hospital adverse event. The objective of this project was to refine fall risk and prevention icons for a patient-centric bedside toolkit to promote patient and nurse engagement in accurately assessing fall risks and developing a tailored fall prevention plan.

Methods: Eighty-eight patients and 60 nurses from 2 academic medical centers participated in 4 iterations of testing to refine 6 fall risk and 10 fall prevention icons. During individual interviews, participants rated their satisfaction with the degree to which that icon represented the concept on a 4-point Likert scale, enabling computation of a Content Validity Index (CVI), and provided comments and suggestions for improvement. After reviewing CVI scores and feedback, the research team consulted with the illustrator to revise the icons.

Results: Content Validity Index scores improved after icon modifications. Icons that depicted multiple concepts required further iterations to be acceptable.

Discussion: Using icons to depict an accurate and easy-to-interpret fall risk assessment and intervention plan for all care team members including patients and family to follow should lead to improved adherence with that plan and decreased falls.

Conclusions: All 16 icons were refined and used to form the basis for a bedside fall prevention toolkit.

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