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Family Presence During Resuscitation After Trauma

Leske, Jane S. PhD, RN, ACNS-BC, FAAN; McAndrew, Natalie S. MSN, RN, ACNS-BC, CCRN; Brasel, Karen J. MD, MPH, FACS; Feetham, Suzanne PhD, RN, FAAN

doi: 10.1097/JTN.0000000000000271
Advanced Practice

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of family presence during resuscitation (FPDR) in patients who survived trauma from motor vehicle crashes (MVC) and gunshot wounds (GSW). A convenience sample of family members participated within three days of admission to critical care. Family members of 140 trauma patients (MVC n = 110, 79%; GSW n = 30, 21%) participated. Family members ranged in age from 20-84 years (M = 46, SD = 15, Mdn = 47). The majority were female (n = 112, 80%) and related to the patient as spouse (n = 46, 33%). Participating in the FPDR option reduced anxiety (t = −2.43, p =.04), reduced stress (t = −2.86, p = .005), and fostered well-being (t = 3.46, p = .001). Results demonstrate the positive initial effects of FPDR on family members of patients surviving trauma injury.

College of Nursing, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee (Drs Leske and Feetham and Ms McAndrew); Froedtert and the Medical College of Wisconsin-Froedtert Hospital, Milwaukee (Dr Leske and Ms McAndrew); Oregon Heath & Science University, Division of Trauma, Critical Care & Acute Care Surgery, Portland (Dr Brasel); and Children's National Health System, Washington, District of Columbia (Dr Feetham).

Correspondence: Jane S. Leske, PhD, RN, ACNS-BC, FAAN, 9398 Copper Canyon Ct, Naples, FL 34120 (

The project described was supported by grant award number R21NRO11063 from the National Institutes of Health and the National Institute of Nursing Research. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the views of the National Institutes of Health or the National Institute of Nursing Research.

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Copyright © 2017 by the Society of Trauma Nurses.