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Journal of Trauma Nursing:
doi: 10.1097/JTN.0000000000000025
Research

Increased Mortality in Adult Patients With Trauma Transfused With Blood Components Compared With Whole Blood

Jones, Allison R. MSN, RN; Frazier, Susan K. PhD, RN, FAHA

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Abstract

Hemorrhage is a preventable cause of death among patients with trauma, and management often includes transfusion, either whole blood or a combination of blood components (packed red blood cells, platelets, fresh frozen plasma). We used the 2009 National Trauma Data Bank data set to evaluate the relationship between transfusion type and mortality in adult patients with major trauma (n = 1745). Logistic regression analysis identified 3 independent predictors of mortality: Injury Severity Score, emergency medical system transfer time, and type of blood transfusion, whole blood or components. Transfusion of whole blood was associated with reduced mortality; thus, it may provide superior survival outcomes in this population.

© 2014 Society of Trauma Nurses

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