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Increased Mortality in Adult Patients With Trauma Transfused With Blood Components Compared With Whole Blood

Jones, Allison R. MSN, RN; Frazier, Susan K. PhD, RN, FAHA

doi: 10.1097/JTN.0000000000000025
Research

Hemorrhage is a preventable cause of death among patients with trauma, and management often includes transfusion, either whole blood or a combination of blood components (packed red blood cells, platelets, fresh frozen plasma). We used the 2009 National Trauma Data Bank data set to evaluate the relationship between transfusion type and mortality in adult patients with major trauma (n = 1745). Logistic regression analysis identified 3 independent predictors of mortality: Injury Severity Score, emergency medical system transfer time, and type of blood transfusion, whole blood or components. Transfusion of whole blood was associated with reduced mortality; thus, it may provide superior survival outcomes in this population.

RICH Heart Program, University of Kentucky College of Nursing (Dr Frazier), University of Kentucky College of Nursing (Ms Jones), Lexington.

Correspondence: Allison R. Jones, MSN, RN, 613 Beaumont Ave, Lexington, KY 40502 (amroen2@uky.edu).

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Copyright © 2014 by the Society of Trauma Nurses.