Elder Abuse: Speak Out for Justice
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- Read the article on pages 14-21.
- Take the test, recording your answers in the test answers section (Section B) of the CE enrollment form. Each question has only one correct answer.
- Complete registration information (Section A) and course evaluation (Section C).
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- If you pass, you will receive a certificate of earned contact hours and answer key. If you fail, you have the option of taking the test again at no additional cost.
- A passing score for this test is 13 correct answers.
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Registration Deadline: March 31, 2016
The authors and CE planners have disclosed that they have no financial relationships related to this article.
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CE TEST QUESTIONS
General Purpose: To provide information on identifying and intervening for victims of elder abuse.
Learning Objectives: After reading this article and taking this test, you should be able to:
- Recognize the prevalence, types, and potential causes of and risk factors for elder abuse.
- Identify tools and interventions for assessing and assisting victims of elder abuse.
- All of the following statements are true about elder abuseexcept:
- It may be perpetrated by a trusted person who is not a caregiver.
- It may result in psychological harm.
- It can affect anyone over the age of 62 years.
- It includes negligent treatment.
- What is the most prevalent type of elder abuse?
- emotional/psychological abuse
- sexual abuse
- financial exploitation
- physical abuse
- The least common form of elder abuse is
- financial exploitation.
- physical abuse.
- sexual abuse.
- What type of abuse may present as malnutrition or untreated health issues?
- sexual abuse
- emotional/psychological abuse
- physical abuse
- As noted in the article, self-neglect occurs when an older adult with physical, emotional, or cognitive impairment
- no longer communicates with family members.
- does not engage in social activities.
- begins giving away personal possessions.
- fails to perform personal care.
- According to Halphen et (2009), what is a large risk factor that might make an older adult unable to report abuse?
- social isolation
- lack of telephone access
- In 90% of elder abuse cases, the abuser is a
- family “friend.”
- healthcare worker.
- Where does the majority of elder abuse occur?
- private homes
- nursing homes
- adult day care centers
- “The probability of elder abuse perpetrated by a caregiver is proportional to the perceived burden of caregiving” is the definition of the
- Social learning theory.
- Situational theory.
- Risk-vulnerability model.
- Exchange theory.
- Fulmer and Caceres (2012) report a major component in the incidence of elder abuse is
- being 70 years of age or older.
- having only a high school education.
- being socially isolated.
- having an Hispanic ethnicity.
- Compared to an older adult not experiencing abuse, nursing home placement for an abused older adult is
- four times less.
- two times less.
- twice as great.
- four times greater.
- As noted in the article, healthcare workers can develop a trusting relationship with an older adult by
- getting to know the elder's family.
- actively listening to the elder.
- reassuring the elder that everything will be all right.
- conferring with the elder's caregiver.
- Which standardized assessment tool is recommended by the authors that may be included in a violence screen for older adults?
- Hwalek-Sengstock Elder Abuse Screening Test
- Suspected Abuse Tool
- Elder Abuse Suspicion Index
- Indicators of Abuse
- In an environmental assessment, findings that may indicate elder abuse include all of the followingexcept
- long-term use of physical restraints.
- loss of assets or property.
- withdrawal from activity.
- forgery of signature.
- Which of the following is a barrier for physicians in identifying and reporting elder abuse according to a report by Halophen et (2009)?
- the fact that they are not mandated reporters
- patients request that reports not be filed
- lack of fee-for-service reimbursement for reporting
- unwillingness to report
- According to Cohen et (2007), it should be assumed an older adult at high risk of abuse
- is currently experiencing abuse.
- is safe until proven to be unsafe.
- will benefit from being placed in a long-term care facility.
- is from a lower socioeconomic background with limited education.
- What is the single most effective intervention for elder abuse according to Halphen et (2009)?
- reporting abuse
- establishing a safety plan
- reporting the abuser to law enforcement
- admitting the elder to the hospital
- As a mandated reporter by law, the nurse is responsible for
- determining why abuse occurred.
- reporting any case of suspected elder case.
- proving that abuse has occurred.
- establishing how abuse occurred.