Prayer in Clinical Practice: What Does Evidence Support?
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- Read the article on pages 208-215.
- Take the test, recording your answers in the test answers section (Section B) of the CE enrollment form. Each question has only one correct answer.
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CE TEST QUESTIONS
To provide information on appropriate, ethical prayer practice in the United States.
After reading this article and taking this test, you should be able to:
- Examine different types of prayer and how often prayer is used in the United States.
- Identify the benefits and uses of prayer by patients and healthcare professionals (HCPs).
- In the 2004 Barna Group survey, a total of how many respondents prayed to God in the past week?
- In the Barna Group survey, how many atheists and agnostics admitted to praying?
- 1 out of 10
- 2 out of 10
- 3 out of 10
- A 2010 USA TODAY/Gallup poll revealed a total of how many respondents who said that God answered their prayers?
- McCaffrey et (2004) reported that of those praying for specific medical conditions, a total of how many found prayer helpful?
- According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, which statement is true about prayer in the United States in the 12 months before their survey?
- Forty-three percent of respondents used prayer for their own health.
- Twelve percent participated in a prayer group for their own health.
- Thirty-two percent received prayer by others for their own health.
- Prayer is the second most commonly used complementary and alternative medicine.
- In a 2005 study by O'Connor et al., a total of how many of those who prayed for health believed prayer improved their health?
- In the O'Connor et study, compared to those who did not pray, persons who prayed were more likely to
- receive influenza immunizations.
- participate in a regular exercise program.
- consume more fish and poultry.
- live with a spouse or partner.
- All of the following are true regarding intercessory prayerexcept
- it intercedes between God and humans on behalf of someone else.
- there is trust that God will act for the good of another person.
- touch is involved frequently in proximal intercessory prayer (PIP).
- the person prayed for may not have approved of the prayer in distal intercessory prayer (DIP).
- Compared to DIP, PIP
- is one of the types of prayer most studied.
- has controversial findings.
- has shown no health benefits.
- has shown more positive effects on health.
- In a 2009 meta-analysis by Roberts et al., the researchers concluded intercessory prayer
- is a valuable aid in restoring health.
- could be spiritually detrimental if health does not improve.
- was not beneficial or harmful to sick persons.
- is only helpful if it is PIP, not DIP.
- Coleman et (2006) found prayer helpful for managing symptoms related to
- heart disease.
- renal disease.
- In the Coleman et study, which group was more likely to use prayer to manage symptoms?
- older Asians
- Native Americans
- Eastern Europeans
- Hefti (2011) reported that 70%-80% of patients with what illness use religious coping to deal with daily difficulties and frustration?
- rheumatoid arthritis
- multiple sclerosis
- psychiatric disorders
- Research by Ai et (2007) revealed that 88% of respondents intended to use prayer to cope with difficulties related to
- radiation therapy.
- Taylor and Mamier (2005) indicated how many family care givers wanted nurses to offer private prayers for patients?
- In the 2005 study by Tracy et al., which nurses reported that prayer is one of the most commonly used therapies for their patients?
- pediatric nurses
- labor and delivery nurses
- critical care nurses
- emergency nurses
- Matthews (2012) reported when nurses identify patients' spiritual needs, their next intervention after prayer is
- showing respect for cultural beliefs.
- providing comfort.
- sharing their own faith beliefs.
- referral to a chaplain.
- Koenig (2007) suggests that HCPs should initiate prayer only if all of the following conditions are metexcept
- a thorough spiritual history has been taken.
- the HCP uses DIP, not PIP, to help the patient.
- there is a spiritual need present and the situation calls for prayer.
- the HCP and patient have the same religious background.