Eating Disorders Today—Not Just a Girl Thing
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* Read the article on pages 236–241.
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The authors have disclosed that they have no financial relationships related to this article.
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CE TEST QUESTIONS
To provide registered professional nurses with an understanding of the signs and symptoms, risk factors, and treatment of selected eating disorders.
After reading this article and taking this test, you should be able to:
1. Identify the epidemiology of and risk factors for developing eating disorders.
2. Outline the signs and symptoms, complications, and treatment of eating disorders
1. When is the peak onset of eating disorders?
a. during the elementary school years
b. in puberty through the early adult years
c. between ages 30 and 35 years
d. in the middle-age years
2. A potential complication of anorexia is
a. increased bone density.
b. hair loss.
d. increased metabolism.
3. A common complication of bulimia is
a. tooth enamel erosion.
c. gingival hyperplasia.
4. The mental disorder with the highest mortality rate is
b. binge eating.
5. What percentage of normal dieters move to pathological dieting?
6. The SCOFF Questionnaire asks a question about
a. weight gain.
b. feelings of control when eating.
7. According to the article, one theory on why females are at greater risk for eating disorders is that females
a. are more prone to rapid weight gain during puberty.
b. are more often judged by their physical appearance.
c. have less control over their lives.
d. are more prone to mental health issues.
8. African American girls may be especially vulnerable to eating disorders with
b. steroid use.
9. Bulimia nervosa consists of
a. self-starvation and excessive weight loss.
b. obsessive exercising and not eating.
c. bingeing and self-induced vomiting.
d. obsessive avoidance of unhealthy foods.
10. Children who begin dieting before age 14 increase their risk for developing an eating disorder by
a. 2 times.
b. 4 times.
c. 6 times.
d. 8 times.
11. Which eating disorder affects females and males almost equally?
a. binge eating
12. Which statement is true about eating disorders that develop in middle age?
a. Middle-aged persons tend to become binge-eaters, not anorexics or bulimics.
b. Stressful midlife changes can lead some to become overly concerned with body image.
c. Middle-aged persons develop different eating disorders than younger persons.
d. Eating disorders developed in middle age are more common in paranoid schizophrenics.
13. Persons with bigorexia compulsively
b. wear loose-fitting clothing.
c. eat only healthy foods.
14. A difference between healthy body builders and persons with muscle dysmorphia is that the latter
a. have the delusion they are underweight.
b. avoid eating protein meals.
c. avoid exercise.
d. have excessively outgoing personalities.
15. Diabulimics lose weight by
a. overusing insulin.
b. restricting glucose intake.
c. restricting insulin use.
d. taking high amounts of glucose and insulin.
16. For orthorexics, self-esteem is linked to
a. how much weight they lose.
b. how pure their diets are.
c. their body mass indices.
d. how they appear to others.
17. Orthorexics have difficulty
a. separating from friends after school.
b. eating healthy food.
c. fasting and exercising.
d. eating food prepared by others.
18. Treatment of persons with eating disorders includes
a. a nonjudgmental approach.
b. identifying disordered eating as "wrong."
c. revealing that the eating disorder is controlling their lives.
d. explaining their increased value to God if they correct their problem.