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A Review of Guidelines on Home Drug Testing Web Sites for Parents

Washio, Yukiko PhD; Fairfax-Columbo, Jaymes BA; Ball, Emily BA; Cassey, Heather BA; Arria, Amelia M. PhD; Bresani, Elena MS; Curtis, Brenda L. PhD; Kirby, Kimberly C. PhD

Journal of Addiction Medicine:
doi: 10.1097/ADM.0000000000000042
Original Research
Abstract

Objectives: To update and extend prior work reviewing Web sites that discuss home drug testing for parents, and assess the quality of information that the Web sites provide, to assist them in deciding when and how to use home drug testing.

Methods: We conducted a worldwide Web search that identified 8 Web sites providing information for parents on home drug testing. We assessed the information on the sites using a checklist developed with field experts in adolescent substance abuse and psychosocial interventions that focus on urine testing.

Results: None of the Web sites covered all the items on the 24-item checklist, and only 3 covered at least half of the items (12, 14, and 21 items, respectively). The remaining 5 Web sites covered less than half of the checklist items. The mean number of items covered by the Web sites was 11.

Conclusions: Among the Web sites that we reviewed, few provided thorough information to parents regarding empirically supported strategies to effectively use drug testing to intervene on adolescent substance use. Furthermore, most Web sites did not provide thorough information regarding the risks and benefits to inform parents' decision to use home drug testing. Empirical evidence regarding efficacy, benefits, risks, and limitations of home drug testing is needed.

Author Information

From the Treatment Research Institute (YW, JFC, E Ball, E Bresani, BLC, KCK), Philadelphia, PA; Department of Psychology, Drexel University (JFC), Philadelphia, PA; Department of Psychological, Organizational, and Leadership Studies, Temple University (HC), Philadelphia, PA; Prevention Research Center, University of Maryland School of Public Health (AMA), College Park, MD.

Send correspondence and reprint requests to Yukiko Washio, PhD, Treatment Research Institute, 600 Public Ledger Building, 150 S. Independence Mall West, Philadelphia, PA 19106. E-mail: ywashio@tresearch.org

Supported by an NIH grant, 5P50DA027841.

The authors have no financial relationships relevant to this article to disclose.

The authors have no conflicts of interest to disclose.

Received October 25, 2013

Accepted March 08, 2014

© 2014 American Society of Addiction Medicine