Journal of Addiction Medicine

Skip Navigation LinksHome > September 2007 - Volume 1 - Issue 3 > Buprenorphine-naloxone Treatment for Pre-release Opioid-depe...
Journal of Addiction Medicine:
doi: 10.1097/ADM.0b013e31814b8880
Original Article

Buprenorphine-naloxone Treatment for Pre-release Opioid-dependent Inmates in Puerto Rico

Garcia, Carmen Albizu MD; Correa, Glorimar Caraballo BS; Viver, Adriana D. Hernandez BS; Kinlock, Timothy W. PhD; Gordon, Michael S. DPA; Avila, Cristobal Antron MD; Reyes, Ivette Colón MD; Schwartz, Robert P. MD

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The following study, conducted in Puerto Rico, examined the feasibility of providing daily buprenorphine-naloxone (bup-nx) in prison and on release to 45 male inmates with histories of heroin addiction. Participants were assessed at study entry and at 1 month after release (N = 42; 93.3% follow-up rate). Treatment completers compared with noncompleters had significantly greater reductions in self-reported heroin use, cocaine use, and crime and were less likely to be opioid-positive according to urine drug testing. Despite study limitations, the short-term outcomes of this study suggest that bup-nx may contribute to reductions in readdiction to heroin and in criminal activities among re-entering male prisoners.

© 2007 American Society of Addiction Medicine

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