A Randomized, Controlled Pilot Study of a Single-Session Psychoeducation Treatment for Urban, Culturally Diverse, Trauma-Exposed AdultsGhafoori, Bita PhD; Fisher, Dennis PhD; Korosteleva, Olga PhD; Hong, Madelyn MSJournal of Nervous & Mental Disease: June 2016 - Volume 204 - Issue 6 - p 421–430 doi: 10.1097/NMD.0000000000000512 Original Articles Abstract Author Information Abstract: This randomized pilot study aimed to determine whether a single session of psychoeducation improved mental health outcomes, attitudes toward treatment, and service engagement among urban, impoverished, culturally diverse, trauma-exposed adults. Sixty-seven individuals were randomly assigned to a single-session psychoeducation treatment or a delayed treatment comparison control group. The control group was found to be superior to the treatment group at posttest with respect to symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder, anxiety, and occupational and family disability. At follow-up, all participants had completed the psychoeducation treatment, and a mixed-effects model indicated significant improvements over time in symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder, anxiety, depression, somatization, and attitudes toward treatment. Ninety-eight percent of the participants reported the psychoeducation was helpful at follow-up. Participants also reported a 19.1% increase in mental health service utilization at follow-up compared with baseline. Implications for treatment and future research are discussed. Department of Advanced Studies in Education and Counseling, California State University, Long Beach, CA. Send reprint requests to Bita Ghafoori, PhD, Department of Advanced Studies in Education and Counseling, California State University, Long Beach, 1250 Bellflower Blvd, Long Beach, CA 90840. E-mail: Bita.Ghafoori@csulb.edu. Copyright © 2016 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.