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Sexual Behavior, Body Image, and Partnership in Chronic Illness: A Comparison of Huntingtons Disease and Multiple Sclerosis

Reininghaus, Eva MDSc*; Reininghaus, Bernd MD*; Fitz, Werner PhD*; Hecht, Karen*; Bonelli, Raphael Maria MDSc

Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease:
doi: 10.1097/NMD.0b013e318261410f
Original Articles

Abstract: Huntington’s disease (HD) and multiple sclerosis (MS) are both chronic progressive illnesses posing a serious challenge to affected patients and families. Sexual dysfunction in HD as well as in MS is a very common problem, although it is unclear whether the dysfunction is caused by the chronic illness itself or by the sociopsychiatric burden related to the illness. Twenty-nine patients with HD and 27 patients with MS each participated in a semistructured interview and several standardized questionnaires concerning partnership, sexual function, and body image. The results display significant differences in both patient groups, displaying higher sexual desire and activity in HD patients, but MS patients also reported fewer sexual problems compared to the norming values. Conversely, the MS patients’ relationships seemed to be stable despite subjectively perceived lower initiative on sexual activities. The results are discussed under the possible influences of the underlying organic changes and the psychosocial consequences of chronic progressive disorders.

Author Information

*Department of Psychiatry, Medical University of Graz, Graz; and †Sigmund Freud University, Vienna, Austria.

Send reprint requests to Eva Reininghaus, MDSc, Department of Psychiatry, Medical University of Graz, Auenbruggerplatz 31, 8036 Graz, Austria. E-mail:

© 2012 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.