Since the publication of DSM-IV in 1994, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) prevalence and medication use unexpectedly increased significantly. In this article, we explore the DSM-5 proposals for ADHD that are likely to further increase its prevalence. We also address the possible harmful consequences of further expansion of this already broad, defined, and inflated DSM category.
*Department of Special Needs Education and Child Care, University of Groningen, Groningen, the Netherlands; and †Department of Psychiatry, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC.
Editor’s note: Proposed DSM-5 criteria sets do not represent the final DSM-5 criteria for the disorders.
Send reprint requests to Laura Batstra, PhD, Department of Special Needs Education and Child Care, Faculty of Behavioral and Social Sciences, University of Groningen, Grote Rozenstraat 38, 9712 TJ Groningen, the Netherlands. E-mail: email@example.com.