Abstract: Since the publication of DSM-IV in 1994, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) prevalence and medication use unexpectedly increased significantly. In this article, we explore the DSM-5 proposals for ADHD that are likely to further increase its prevalence. We also address the possible harmful consequences of further expansion of this already broad, defined, and inflated DSM category.
*Department of Special Needs Education and Child Care, University of Groningen, Groningen, the Netherlands; and †Department of Psychiatry, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC.
Editor’s note: Proposed DSM-5 criteria sets do not represent the final DSM-5 criteria for the disorders.
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