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Self-Perceived Needs Are Related to Violent Behavior Among Schizophrenia Outpatients

Martínez-Martín, Nuria MD, PhD*; Fraguas, David MD†‡; García-Portilla, María Paz MD, PhD§∥; Sáiz, Pilar Alejandra MD, PhD§∥; Bascarán, María Teresa MD, PhD§∥; Arango, Celso MD, PhD‡¶; Bobes, Julio MD, PhD§∥

Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease: September 2011 - Volume 199 - Issue 9 - pp 666-671
doi: 10.1097/NMD.0b013e318229d0d5
Original Articles

This study assessed the relationship between self-perceived clinical and social needs and aggressive behavior in outpatients with schizophrenia. A total of 895 outpatients with schizophrenia were enrolled. The presence of aggressive episodes was assessed using the Modified Overt Aggression Scale. Self-perceived needs were assessed using the Camberwell Assessment of Need in six areas of needs (food, household skills, self-care, daytime activities, psychotic symptoms, satisfaction with treatment, and company). The most common areas of needs were "psychotic symptoms" (81.6%), "daytime activities" (60.6%), and "household skills" (57.5%). More needs were expressed by patients who had more severe illnesses (p < 0.001) and more aggressive behavior (p < 0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that, in schizophrenia outpatients, self-perceived needs were associated with aggressive behavior (adjusted odds ratio, 11.43; 95% confidence interval, 5.11 to 25.56). Appropriate compliance with antipsychotic treatment was related with lower aggressive behavior (p < 0.001).

*Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, Secretaría de Psiquiatría, Madrid; †Complejo Universitario Hospitalario de Albacete, Albacete; ‡Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Salud Mental (CIBERSAM), Madrid; §School of Medicine, Psychiatry Department, University of Oviedo, Oviedo; ∥Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Salud Mental (CIBERSAM), Oviedo; and ¶Adolescent Unit, Psychiatry Department, Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón, Madrid, Spain.

This study was supported by Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Salud Mental (CIBERSAM), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation.

All authors declare that they do not have any conflict of interest in connection with the submitted article.

Send reprint requests to David Fraguas, MD, Complejo Universitario Hospitalario de Albacete, Calle Seminario 4, 02006 Albacete, España. E-mail: davidfraguas@gmail.com.

© 2011 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.