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Impact of Sleep Disturbances on PTSD Symptoms and Perceived Health

Belleville, Geneviève PhD*†; Guay, Stéphane PhD†‡; Marchand, André PhD*†

Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease:
doi: 10.1097/NMD.0b013e3181961d8e
Original Article
Abstract

More than two-thirds of individuals with PTSD report significant sleep difficulties that correlate positively with PTSD symptom severity. The aim of the study was to assess the impact of sleep disturbances on PTSD symptom severity and perceived health. Ninety-two volunteer treatment-seeking adults with PTSD were administered a Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID; First, Spitzer, Gibbon and William, 1996), and a series of questionnaires assessing PTSD symptom severity, perceived health, sleep, and alcohol use. Results from regression analyses revealed that sleep quality has an impact on PTSD symptom severity and perceived mental health, even when the effect of other potential confounding variables (sociodemographic data, trauma-related characteristics, psychiatric comorbidities, alcohol, and psychotropic medication use) is controlled for. The present study highlights the important influence sleep has on the severity of PTSD symptoms. Future studies could explore whether the addition of interventions focusing on sleep help optimize PTSD treatment.

Author Information

*Département de Psychologie, Université du Québec à Montréal, Montréal, Québec, Canada; †Centre d'Étude du Trauma, Centre de Recherche Fernand-Seguin, Hôpital Louis-H. Lafontaine, Montréal, Québec, Canada; and ‡École de criminologie, Université de Montréal, Montréal, Québec, Canada.

Send reprint requests to André Marchand, PhD, Université du Québec à Montréal, Département de Psychologie, C.P. 8888, Succ. Centre-Ville, Montréal (Québec), H3C 3P8, Canada. Email: marchand.andre@uqam.ca.

© 2009 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.