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An Empirical Study of Borderline Personality Disorder and Psychiatric Suicides.

KULLGREN, GUNNAR M.D.; RENBERG, ELLINOR M.Sc.; JACOBSSON, LARS M.D.
Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease: June 1986
Original Article: PDF Only

Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is closely related to suicidal behavior, and suicide attempts per se are considered a diagnostic criterion. However, there has been no previous study of completed suicides and BPD.

The present study is based on a population of 134 consecutive psychiatric suicides from 1961 to 1980 in a catchment area of 250,000 inhabitants. Clinical records were retrospectively diagnosed according to the Diagnostic Interview for Borderlines and DSM-III. There was a progressive increase in proportion of borderline suicides during the time period. The overall proportion of BPD, however, was only 12%, indicating that borderline patients are not seriously overrepresented among patients committing psychiatric suicides. Demographic variables, earlier psychiatric care, and suicidal behavior in the borderline group are described and analyzed.

(C) Williams & Wilkins 1986. All Rights Reserved.