BACKGROUND: Nurse managers leadership behaviors influence the job satisfaction of staff nurses. Transformational leadership is 1 of the 5 components associated with the Magnet Recognition Program®.
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between staff nurse perception of nurse manager leadership behavior and staff nurse job satisfaction in a hospital on the Magnet® journey and the influence of nurse manager leadership style on staff nurse job satisfaction.
METHODS: A descriptive, correlational design using a self-report survey with convenience sampling was used for this quantitative research study. Staff nurses completed the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire 5X Short Form, the Abridged Job Descriptive Index survey, and a demographic questionnaire. Pearson correlations and regression analyses were completed to explore the relationship and influence of nurse manager leadership style on staff nurse job satisfaction.
RESULTS: Transformational and transactional leadership styles of nurse managers were positively related to staff nurse overall job satisfaction and satisfaction with opportunity for promotion. Passive-avoidant leadership style of nurse managers was negatively related to staff nurse satisfaction with work, promotion, supervision, and coworker. Satisfaction with nurse manager leadership was a positive influence on overall nurse job satisfaction when separately controlling for the influence of each leadership style.
CONCLUSION: Transformational and transactional leadership styles should be taught and encouraged among nurse managers to positively influence the job satisfaction of staff nurses.
Author Affiliations: Assistant Professor (Dr Bormann), School of Nursing, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green; and Assistant Professor (Dr Abrahamson), School of Nursing, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana.
The authors declare no conflicts of interest.
Correspondence: Dr Bormann, School of Nursing, Western Kentucky University, 1906 College Heights Blvd, Bowling Green, KY 42101 (firstname.lastname@example.org).