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Journal of Nursing Administration:
doi: 10.1097/NNA.0b013e31829d620c
Articles

Recent Trends in Hospital Nurse Staffing in the United States

Staggs, Vincent S. PhD; He, Jianghua PhD

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Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was to examine recent trends in nurse staffing levels and nursing staff composition.

Background: Recent trends in hospital nurse staffing have not been well described, and the effects of the 2007 to 2012 recession and 2008 Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services rule change are unknown.

Methods: A longitudinal study of unit-level data from the National Database of Nursing Quality Indicators® (NDNQI®) and hospital-level data from the American Hospital Association (AHA) annual survey was conducted.

Results: From 2004 to 2011, total nursing hours per patient day on general care units in NDNQI hospitals increased by 11.5%, and registered nurse (RN) hours per patient day by 22.9%. Trends were similar in AHA hospitals.

Conclusions: Hospitals have steadily increased total nurse staffing levels by increasing RN staffing. Use of temporary RNs in hospitals plummeted from mid-2008. There were no apparent changes in staffing levels due to the recession and/or CMS rule change.

© 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

 

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