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The Relationships Among Health Promotion Behaviors, Compassion Fatigue, Burnout, and Compassion Satisfaction in Nurses Practicing in a Community Medical Center

Neville, Kathleen PhD, RN; Cole, Donna A. PhD, RN

Journal of Nursing Administration: June 2013 - Volume 43 - Issue 6 - p 348–354
doi: 10.1097/NNA.0b013e3182942c23
Articles

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the relationships among health promotion behaviors, compassion fatigue, burnout, and compassion satisfaction among nurses practicing in a community medical center.

BACKGROUND: Compassion fatigue and burnout are significant nursing stressors. Programs are available to offset the negative consequence of compassion fatigue and burnout and enhance compassion satisfaction, yet there remains a paucity of literature examining the relationships between health promotion behaviors, compassion fatigue, burnout, and compassion satisfaction.

METHODS: A nonexperimental design using a convenience sample of nurses completed the Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile II, the Professional Quality of Life Scale, and a demographic data sheet.

FINDINGS: Statistically significant relationships among health promotional behaviors and compassion fatigue, compassion satisfaction, and burnout were identified.

CONCLUSIONS: Compassion fatigue, burnout, and compassion satisfaction are outcomes associated with nursing practice. Support for engagement in health promotional behaviors may contribute to nurses’ well-being in counteracting compassion fatigue and burnout and enhancing compassion satisfaction.

Author Affiliations: Professor (Dr Neville), School of Nursing, Kean University, Union; and Administrative Director, Surgical Services (Dr Cole), Hunterdon Medical Center, Flemington, New Jersey.

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Correspondence: Dr Neville, School of Nursing, Kean University, 1000 Morris Ave, Union, NJ 07083 (kneville@kean.edu).

Copyright © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.