OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the relationships among health promotion behaviors, compassion fatigue, burnout, and compassion satisfaction among nurses practicing in a community medical center.
BACKGROUND: Compassion fatigue and burnout are significant nursing stressors. Programs are available to offset the negative consequence of compassion fatigue and burnout and enhance compassion satisfaction, yet there remains a paucity of literature examining the relationships between health promotion behaviors, compassion fatigue, burnout, and compassion satisfaction.
METHODS: A nonexperimental design using a convenience sample of nurses completed the Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile II, the Professional Quality of Life Scale, and a demographic data sheet.
FINDINGS: Statistically significant relationships among health promotional behaviors and compassion fatigue, compassion satisfaction, and burnout were identified.
CONCLUSIONS: Compassion fatigue, burnout, and compassion satisfaction are outcomes associated with nursing practice. Support for engagement in health promotional behaviors may contribute to nurses’ well-being in counteracting compassion fatigue and burnout and enhancing compassion satisfaction.
Author Affiliations: Professor (Dr Neville), School of Nursing, Kean University, Union; and Administrative Director, Surgical Services (Dr Cole), Hunterdon Medical Center, Flemington, New Jersey.
The authors declare no conflicts of interest.
Correspondence: Dr Neville, School of Nursing, Kean University, 1000 Morris Ave, Union, NJ 07083 (firstname.lastname@example.org).