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The Relationships Among Health Promotion Behaviors, Compassion Fatigue, Burnout, and Compassion Satisfaction in Nurses Practicing in a Community Medical Center

Neville, Kathleen PhD, RN; Cole, Donna A. PhD, RN

Journal of Nursing Administration: June 2013 - Volume 43 - Issue 6 - p 348–354
doi: 10.1097/NNA.0b013e3182942c23
Articles

OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to examine the relationships among health promotion behaviors, compassion fatigue, burnout, and compassion satisfaction among nurses practicing in a community medical center.

BACKGROUND Compassion fatigue and burnout are significant nursing stressors. Programs are available to offset the negative consequence of compassion fatigue and burnout and enhance compassion satisfaction, yet there remains a paucity of literature examining the relationships between health promotion behaviors, compassion fatigue, burnout, and compassion satisfaction.

METHODS A nonexperimental design using a convenience sample of nurses completed the Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile II, the Professional Quality of Life Scale, and a demographic data sheet.

FINDINGS Statistically significant relationships among health promotional behaviors and compassion fatigue, compassion satisfaction, and burnout were identified.

CONCLUSIONS Compassion fatigue, burnout, and compassion satisfaction are outcomes associated with nursing practice. Support for engagement in health promotional behaviors may contribute to nurses’ well-being in counteracting compassion fatigue and burnout and enhancing compassion satisfaction.

Author Affiliations: Professor (Dr Neville), School of Nursing, Kean University, Union; and Administrative Director, Surgical Services (Dr Cole), Hunterdon Medical Center, Flemington, New Jersey.

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Correspondence: Dr Neville, School of Nursing, Kean University, 1000 Morris Ave, Union, NJ 07083 (kneville@kean.edu).

Copyright © 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.