Skip Navigation LinksHome > May 2013 - Volume 43 - Issue 5 > The Nurse Manager Practice Environment Scale: Development an...
Journal of Nursing Administration:
doi: 10.1097/NNA.0b013e3182898e4e

The Nurse Manager Practice Environment Scale: Development and Psychometric Testing

Warshawsky, Nora E. PhD, RN; Rayens, Mary Kay PhD; Lake, Sharon W. PhD, RN; Havens, Donna Sullivan PhD, RN, FAAN

Supplemental Author Material
Collapse Box


OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to develop and test a scale designed to describe and assess nurse managers’ practice environments.

BACKGROUND: Creating practice environments supporting workers at all levels is critical to achieving excellent patient, staff, and organizational outcomes. Scales are available to assess staff nurses’ practice environment; however, no comparable scale for nurse managers exists.

METHODS: A cross-sectional design using an electronic survey was administered to nurse managers in 25 hospitals in 9 health systems from 6 states.

RESULTS: Exploratory factor analysis with a varimax rotation produced a final solution of 44 items loading in 8 domains. Cronbach’s α’s ranged from .72 to .97. Mean scores ranged from 3.92 to 4.99 on a 6-point Likert scale.

CONCLUSIONS: The scale demonstrated adequate psychometric properties and warrants further use and testing. Understanding the nurse manager practice environment may reveal insights to guide opportunities to improve organizational performance.

© 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins



Article Tools


Article Level Metrics