There are varying and overlapping leadership characteristics that exemplify excellence in nursing leadership. To assess aspects of leadership that helps create a healthy work environment that supports nurses' provision of quality care at the bedside, the authors used a national survey instrument to examine the characteristics of nurse managers identified as excellent nurse leaders by their staff. The authors discuss their findings and a proposed theoretical model to explain specific nursing leadership characteristics that support staff nurse job satisfaction and retention.
Authors' Affiliations: Clinical Director (Ms Anderson), Director Nursing Education and Research (Mr Manno), Penn Presbyterian Medical Center, Philadelphia; Research Consultant (Dr O'Connor), Nurse Educator (Ms Gallagher), Pennsylvania Hospital, Philadelphia.
Corresponding author: Ms Anderson, Penn Presbyterian Medical Center, 51 N 39th St, Philadelphia, PA 19104 (Barbara.firstname.lastname@example.org).