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Survey and Critique of Studies Related to Unlicensed Assistive Personnel from 1975 to 1997, Part 2

Bernreuter, Maxine E. MSN, RN, CNAA; Cardona, Sharon MSN, RN, CNAA

Journal of Nursing Administration:

This article is part 2 of a descriptive integrated review of research on the use of unlicensed assistive personnel in nursing. Part 1, published last month, described the methods used to find and to critique 29 research articles; it included the conceptual model and the variables identified in the studies. Part 2 presents a synthesis of the 29 studies' data, conclusions, implications, and recommendations.

Author Information

Maxine E. Bernreuter, MSN, RN, CNAA, Assistant Professor, School of Nursing, The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, e-mail: and

Major Sharon Cardona, MSN, RN, CNAA, Nurse Manager, Keesler AFB, Mississippi.

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