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Effect of a 5-Month Worksite Physical Activity Program on Tertiary Employees Overall Health and Fitness

Genin, Pauline Manon MSc; Degoutte, Fabrice PhD; Finaud, Julien PhD; Pereira, Bruno PhD; Thivel, David PhD; Duclos, Martine PhD

Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine: February 2017 - Volume 59 - Issue 2 - p e3–e10
doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000000945
Original Article

Objective: This pilot study questions the effects of a worksite physical activity program on health and fitness in tertiary employees.

Methods: Ninety-five employees were randomly assigned to Control (CON); Novice (NOV); Experienced group (EXP). The NOV and EXP groups followed a 5-month worksite physical activity program (at least two sessions/week). Body composition, physical activity level and physical fitness, eating habits, health perception, sleep quality, pain, and quality of life were assessed.

Results: Fat mass decreased in NOV and EXP; the distance covered during the 6-minute walking test, push-ups, squat jump increased for NOV and EXP group. Physical activity level, health perception, quality of sleep, and eating habits were improved in NOV.

Conclusion: This study underlines for the first time the beneficial effects of such worksite programs among tertiary employees on overall health and the feasibility of its design.

Laboratory of the Metabolic Adaptations to Exercise under Physiological and Pathological Conditions (AME2P), UE3533, Clermont Auvergne University, Clermont-Ferrand, France (Ms Genin, Dr Thivel), Auvergne Regional Center for Human Nutrition (CRNH), Clermont-Ferrand, France (Ms Genin, Drs Thivel, Duclos), Department of Sport Medicine and Functional Explorations, University-Hospital (CHU), G. Montpied Hospital, Clermont-Ferrand, France (Dr Duclos), Clermont-Ferrand University Hospital, Biostatistics Unit (DRCI), Clermont-Ferrand, France (Dr Pereira), INRA, UMR 1019, UNH, Clermont-Ferrand, France (Ms Genin, Dr Duclos), Clermont University, University of Auvergne, UFR Medicine, Clermont-Ferrand, France (Ms Genin, Dr Duclos), and Association Sportive Montferrandaise, Clermont-Ferrand, France (Drs Degoutte, Finaud).

Address correspondence to: Pauline Manon Genin, MSc, Clermont University, Blaise Pascal University, EA 3533, Laboratory of the Metabolic Adaptations to Exercise under Physiological and Pathological Conditions (AME2P), BP 80026, F-63171 Aubière cedex, France (pauline_genin@hotmail.com).

The authors have no conflict of interest to disclose.

Copyright © 2017 by the American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine